Several chapters describe the mechanism by which coat complexes facilitate vesicle budding from the endoplasmic reticulum and with retrograde traffic from the Golgi back to the endoplasmic reticulum.
What does ER stand for?
ER stands for Endoplasmic Reticulum
This definition appears very frequently and is found in the following Acronym Finder categories:
- Science, medicine, engineering, etc.
See other definitions of ER
We have 64 other meanings of ER in our Acronym Attic
- Emotional Rescue (Rolling Stones album)
- Employee Relations
- Employee Request
- Employee Retention
- Employer (IRB)
- Employer's Requirements
- Employment Relations
- Enantiomeric Ratio (chemistry)
- Enceinte Réacteur (French: Reactor Chamber)
- End Transaction and Retrieve
Samples in periodicals archive:
In the present research, we studied the anticancer mechanism of AST, including the changes in cell ultrastructure, such as the mitochondrion, rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), Golgi complex, and cytoskeleton, the inhibition of Janus kinase 1(JAK1)/transduction and the activators of the transcription-3 (STAT3) signaling pathway using rat hepatocellular carcinoma CBRH-7919 cells.
Treatment of BFP also increased a number of signature endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers glucose-regulated protein (GRP)-78, GRP-94, IRE1, phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor-2[alpha] (eIF-2[alpha]) and up-regulation of CAATienhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP).
Further, we show that activation of p38 MAPK by expression of constitutively active MAP kinase kinase 6 (MKK6Glu) greatly enhances nuclear translocation of Xbp1s, reduces endoplasmic reticulum stress and establishes euglycemia in severely obese and diabetic mice.
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) and its Distribution: A look in distribution of endoplasmic reticulum in the 10 days old grains revealed that (Figure 2) the bolder grains were conspicuous in possessing a more prominent network of rough endoplasmic reticulum, profused ribosomes attached with the vesicles as compared to the relatively higher intensity of floating ribosomes on the endoplasmic reticulum matrix of smaller grains.
Qi expects that strengthening its activation would increase the capacity of endoplasmic reticulum and reduce the number of misfolded proteins, which could lead to new drugs for diabetes that improve insulin responsiveness, or drugs that prevent neurodegenerative disorders.
Their topics include hardware and software from microscopes to cameras used in Ca2+ recordings, bioluminescent Ca2+ indicators, intracellular calcium-sensitive microelectrodes, Ca2+ imaging of the intracellular organelles endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria, in vivo Ca2+ imaging of the living brain using the multi-cell bolus loading technique, and Ca2+ imaging of glia.