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Among their topics are determining the structure of single crystals, analyzing residual stress by X-ray diffraction methods, texture analysis by advanced diffraction methods, the kinetics of phase transformations and of other time-dependent processes in solids analyzed by powder diffraction, and calibrating laboratory X-ray diffraction equipment using the US National Institute of Standards and Technology standard reference material.
Over the years, X-ray diffraction has been a powerful and reliable technique to obtain information about the microstructure, such as crystallinity, crystalline orientation, and crystalline interplanar spacing, in the films (5-7).
The following correction was printed in the Guardian's Corrections and clarifications column, Thursday May 29 2008 In the article below we referred to James Watson's and Francis Crick's experiments using x-ray diffraction to work out the double helix structure of DNA.
Engineering decisions require reliable quantitative data, and x-ray diffraction (XRD) residual stress measurement provides this data.
As well as their roles within the company, they have collectively published more than 400 scientific articles and co-authored a book entitled, `High Resolution X-ray Diffraction and Topography'.
On page 4, the author stated "Minerals, especially small-sized ones, commonly are identified using x-ray diffraction and spectrographic techniques.
Introduction Since long, x-ray diffraction line broadening is used for the investigation of dislocation distributions; due to the stress fields induced by the dislocations atoms are displaced from their ideal lattice positions, which causes diffraction line broadening.
5 million for X-ray diffraction technology enhancements and up to $2.