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[1-3] Identifying these fetuses as either large for gestational age (LGA) or small for gestational age (SGA) may result in invasive procedures or premature delivery, in an attempt to reduce adverse perinatal outcomes.
But there was no significant impact on the adjusted risk of having an infant small for gestational age or a cesarean section.
The primary outcome was uncomplicated pregnancy defined as a "normotensive pregnancy, delivered at more than 37 weeks resulting in a live born baby who was not small for gestational age and did not have any other significant pregnancy complications.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Mothers' vitamin D levels at a gestation of 26 weeks or less were positively related to birth weight and head circumference, and, in the first trimester were negatively associated with risk of a baby being born small for gestational age.
At birth these individuals were small for gestational age, and as adults they had increased incidence of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
Thresholds for small for gestational age among newborns of East Asian and South Asian ancestry.
The research, presented at the 32nd Annual Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Meeting, "The Pregnancy Meeting" showed that small for gestational age babies delivered early by c-section had higher rates of respiratory distress syndrome than similar preterm babies who were born vaginally.
The results showed that pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, and giving birth to babies who were small for gestational age were associated with an increased risk of heart disease.