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The LC-FLD results also enabled the assessment of toxin profiles in each of the snail samples, with data confirming the dominance of saxitoxin (STX) in the majority of snails in comparison with the dominant gonyautoxins quantified in the mussel food source.
PSP toxins namely saxitoxin (STX), neosaxitoxin (neoSTX), decarbamoylsaxitoxin (decSTX), and gaunyotoxin 5 (GTX5) and their specific toxicity relative to the total toxin concentration computation for each tissue were considered accordingly .
microcystin-LR), nodularins, anatoxins, cylindrospermopsin, and saxitoxins.
Sometime later, he discovered that an Uzbek warlord employed his technique to generate a large quantity of saxitoxin and then used it to poison hundreds of people.
Saxitoxin can lead to tingling, burning, numbness, drowsiness, incoherent speech, difficulty breathing.
It appears that voltage-gated sodium channels are the target of many natural neurotoxins that include batrachotoxin as well as tetrodotoxin (TTX), saxitoxin (STX), conus toxins, scorpion toxins and aconitine.
Now, Kohane and colleagues reported that if saxitoxin is packaged within liposomes, it is able to block nerve transmission of pain without causing significant nerve or muscle damage.
Kao, Tetrodotoxin, Saxitoxin and Their Significance in the Study of Excitation Phenomena, 18 PHARMACOLOGICAL REVIEWS 997, 998 (1966).