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A quality-adjusted life year (QALY) is a measure of disease burden, that looks at both the quality and quantity of life lived and uses it to assess the value for money of a medical intervention.
The present proposal~s main objective consists of utility analysis (cost-effectiveness) in terms of cost per Quality-Adjusted Life Year (QALY) saved in two fields: 1) Three population interventions (and their combinations) designed to prevent coronary artery disease incidence aimed at reducing smoking, dyslipidaemia, and hypertension population prevalence, and 2) optimal use of coronary angiography and percutaneous intervention procedures in the management of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with special emphasis on the elderly (>64 years) to minimize the inequalities in this patient subgroup that has higher mortality than patients
A quality-adjusted life year (QALY) is a measure of the state of health of a person or group in which the benefits, in terms of length of life, are adjusted to reflect the quality of life.
Major Finding: Coronary artery bypass surgery in patients with diabetes and multivessel disease had an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $8,132 per quality-adjusted life year gained.
On the basis of ERSPC follow-up data, we used Microsimulation Screening Analysis (MISCAN) to predict the number of prostate cancers, treatments, deaths and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained after the introduction of PSA screening.
The Markov model used for the analysis estimated the discounted incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of renal denervation with the Symplicity system in US dollars per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) was $3,071--well below the recognized threshold of $50,000 QALY.
The researchers collected data from 824 participants over a 12-month period, and measured their quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), a measure of the quality and quantity of life added by an intervention.
This reduction in disease would have resulted in a net savings of $1,671,387 for chlamydia and $4,163,534 for gonorrhea, and a combined gain of 453 quality-adjusted life years.