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Other pathways of alcohol oxidation to acetaldehyde involve the enzyme catalase and the microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system (MEOS), whose key component is cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) (see Agarwal 2001).
In the oxidative pathway, ethanol can be converted to acetaldehyde through the action of alcohol dehydrogenase, the microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system, or catalase.
Microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system (MEOS): An enzyme system that breaks down alcohol and generates toxic products such as acetaldehyde and oxygen radicals.