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Samples in periodicals archive:
coli 0157:H7 in recreational waters downstream from agricultural watersheds may pose risks to public health because the infective dose of these two pathogens is quite low.
Listeria has a relatively high infective dose, so the most effective way to control the disease listeriosis, is to limit the the Listeria monocytogenes population to less than 100 cells per gram of food.
Thus, the most important factor in lowering the infective dose that a person receives appears to be associated with an increase in gastric acidity.
The number of people exposed to potentially infective doses through food may have been 'extremely high,' said the scientists.
Karen William, environmental health and trading standards committee chair, said, "This bacteria has a low infective dose which makes cross contamination all too easy, but the good news is that it is very susceptible to heat and cooking will kill it off.
611 x log(infective dose) (2) That model was then used to calculate the number of infective oocysts, as follows: infective dose = 10(Y + 6.
They infective dose is around 10 organisms, whereas for something like salmonella it might be around a million.
HSE biological agents chief Mark Bale said: "People ought to be aware of how low the infective dose is.