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Adapting Kohlberg 's theory of moral development, a defining issues test (DIT-2) was developed to measure the ethical reasoning of 52 freshmen, while ethical behavior was tested through a trading room simulation.
In order to facilitate the assessment of larger samples of moral reasoning development, Rest (1990) developed the Defining Issues Test (DIT) and its successor the Defining Issues Test 2 (DIT2).
He developed the Defining Issues Test (DIT) as a means to measure this concept, and this in turn was later refined and advanced by Rest and the Minnesota group (Rest et al.
The purpose of this study was (a) to investigate preservice teacher education students' (n=145) performance on the Academic Misconduct Survey (AMS), a measure of self-reported academic misconduct, and (b) to examine the relationship between AMS scores and scores on the Defining Issues Test (DIT), a measure of principled moral reasoning.
1 studies focusing on the re-examination of the processes of children and the materials used by Piaget as a stimulus, 2 studies attempting to identify and describe the basic organizational principles of social knowledge of children in early and middle childhood, and 3 research on the Defining Issues Test (DIT).
On the Defining Issues Test (DIT) (Rest, 1979), based on Kohlberg's premises, Janos and Robinson (1985) compared radically accelerated college students and two groups of highly gifted high school students with a group of typical undergraduate college students.
Data for this project were collected in 2001 using the Defining Issues Test (DIT) (a measure of moral judgment--Rest, Narvaez, Thoma, & Bebeau, 1999) to measure the dependent variable of moral reasoning.
Prior to completing the Defining Issues Test each woman was given a $15 Wal-Mart gift certificate.