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Samples in periodicals archive:
a baby is born with a birth defect every four and a half minutes, and one out of every five deaths in the first year of life is caused by a birth defect.
When asked about the relation between birth defects and consanguineous marriages Hijazi said: "There are of course certain conditions that are related to consanguineous marriages and if there are some gene defects in the family, these genes will align and will cause a birth defect.
Published June 27 in Environmental Health Perspectives, the study used data from participants of the National Birth Defects Prevention Study and linked mothers' addresses in Iowa and Texas with their drinking water sources and respective nitrate content.
According to the study, despite increasing use of IVF in the United States, associations between birth defects and IVF are poorly understood.
The unadjusted risk of any birth defect in pregnancies involving assisted conception was 8.
The chance of a birth defect was lowest in women who had normal blood glucose levels.
The report is especially helpful as a springboard for further investigation because 85% of the world's birth defects occur in developing countries, but only four such countries have birth defect programs that can track occurrences, says Li Zhu, director of China's National Reference Laboratory on Reproductive and Child Health.
Birth defect rates in the US were highest for women conceiving in the spring and summer, a period that correlated with increased levels of pesticides in surface water across the US, say researchers.